The kidneys and associated structures, including the pancreas, and a portion of the aorta and inferior vena cava are all contained in the retroperitoneum, which is the area between the peritoneum and the posterior abdominal wall. The retroperitoneum is the site of about 15% of soft tissue sarcomas. Sarcomas account for one-third of all malignant tumours in the retroperitoneum.
Sarcomas of the soft tissues are uncommon, accounting for less than 1% of all newly diagnosed cancers, says Dr. Sanjoy Mandal, who is considered to be the best cancer surgeon in Kolkata. Retroperitoneal sarcomas are difficult to diagnose and treat since they are uncommon and often present with advanced disease in an anatomically complex area. The large tumour size at presentation, the failure to achieve broad surgical margins, and the disadvantages of treating retroperitoneal sarcoma with radiation and chemotherapy all have an effect on survival rates.
As per the cancer doctor in Kolkata, the factors that put you at risk of having retroperitoneal sarcoma tumours include:
- Tuberous sclerosis
- Adult progeria (Werner syndrome)
- Neurofibromatosis type 1
- Li-Fraumeni syndrome
- Familial adenomatous polyposis
- Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome
The most common symptom of retroperitoneal sarcoma is an abdominal mass, which may or may not be accompanied by other symptoms. Even though the median patient age is about fifty, retroperitoneal sarcomas can develop at any age and in both men and women. As the signs and symptoms appear, they are related to the tumour’s mass effect or local invasion, says the oncologist in Kolkata.
Retroperitoneal sarcoma tumours may occur with the following symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Abdominal mass
- Feeling full after consuming a small amount
- Lower extremity swelling and pain
- Blood in stools
Retroperitoneal Tumour Treatment in Kolkata
Retroperitoneal sarcoma treatment is extremely individualised and is determined by the size and location of your tumour. Because surgery is the best way to treat a soft tissue sarcoma, surgery is normally used by Dr. Sanjoy Mandal in the treatment of retroperitoneal sarcoma tumours whenever possible..
The most common treatment for this form of sarcoma is surgery. When possible, the surgeon will remove the tumour as well as a portion of normal tissue around it. Taking a margin is the term for this. Retroperitoneal sarcomas can put pressure on nearby organs. In these circumstances, the oncology surgeon in Kolkata will try to remove the tumour, as well as any nearby organs, ‘en bloc’, or all at once.
The operation you have may either remove a part or the entire organ, depending on the size and location of your tumour. If this is necessary, the surgeon will discuss the consequences of removing the organ linked to or near your tumour. Following surgery, a small number of people will require a colostomy or urostomy. Surgery is unlikely to be suggested in cases when the tumours cannot be entirely removed.