Bleeding in the digestive tract, often known as gastrointestinal bleeding, is a serious medical condition that can occur at any place along the digestive system from the esophagus to the rectum. The bleeding may occur from a small area such as an ulcer on the lining of the stomach, or due to an inflammation of the colon. It is often considered a symptom of an underlying medical condition rather than the disease itself. Sometimes, the bleeding may happen internally without any symptoms. Hence, reputed GI surgeons in Kolkata often call this bleeding “occult” or “hidden.”
Why does the bleeding happen?
There can be many conditions that cause bleeding in the digestive tract. Whenever you go for a diagnosis, the doctor finds out the source of the bleeding to know the cause. Dr Mandal, renowned gastrointestinal surgeon in kolkata, listed some of the possible causes of gastrointestinal bleeding.
- Colon polyps: These are abnormal growths that happen in the colon. Over time, they become cancerous and cause bleeding in the digestive tract. You may have more than one polyp at a time.
- Varices: They are enlarged veins which are located at the lower end of the esophagus or the upper stomach. When these veins break open, they bleed. Liver cirrhosis is the most common cause of esophageal varices.
- Mallory-Weiss tears: It is a condition that is caused by a tear in the lining of the esophagus due to severe vomiting and increased pressure in your stomach such as coughing, hiccupping and childbirth.
- Ulcers: Ulcers are a common cause of bleeding in the digestive tract. An ulcer is a sore that develops on the lining of the stomach, small intestine, or esophagus. When the ulcer becomes deep enough, it can damage blood vessels, leading to bleeding.
- Hemorrhoids: They are another common cause of bleeding in the digestive tract. Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus and they can bleed when they become irritated or swollen.
It is important to remember that the cause of the digestive tract can vary and it is essential to seek medical evaluation from a gastro surgeon in Kolkata.
When to consult a doctor?
A Gastroenterologist surgeon in Kolkata highlighted some of the symptoms of bleeding in the digestive tract, which requires you to visit the doctor immediately. Here are some of them.
- Black or tarry stool
- Red blood in the stool
- Dark blood mixed with the stool
- Red blood in vomit
- Frequent chest pain
- Abdominal pain
If you notice any of these symptoms, don’t delay in seeking treatment, as it may worsen your condition and lead to further complications.
Not only good doctor, Dr. Mandal is a good human being. Thank you Sir. We are very satisfied. Thanks againAMIT DAS