Small bowel cancer is a rare form of cancer that affects the small intestine. The small intestine is a long tube that transports digested food from your stomach to your large intestine. The small intestine is in charge of the digestion and assimilation of nutrients from food. It secretes hormones that aid digestion. Since it includes cells that battle bacteria and viruses that invade your body through your mouth, the small intestine plays a part in your body’s germ-fighting immune system.
According to the cancer doctor in Kolkata, small bowel cancer comes in different types, including:
- Carcinoid tumours and paraganglioma, which are collectively called neuroendocrine tumours
- Sarcoma, which includes gastrointestinal stromal tumours or GIST
Symptoms Of Small Bowel Cancer
According to the renowned oncology surgeon in Kolkata, some of the common symptoms experienced by people with small bowel cancer are:
- Feeling unusually tired or weak
- Pain in the abdomen
- Vomiting and nausea
- Watery diarrhoea
- Unexpected weight loss
- Skin flushing
Are There Any Risk Factors
According to the cancer specialist in Kolkata, the following factors may put you at risk of developing carcinoids.
- Family History: Carcinoid cancer is more likely in people who have a family history of type I multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN I).
- Gender: Women are more likely than men to have this disorder.
- Older age: When you get older, the risk of developing carcinoid tumours rises. People over the age of 60 are more likely to develop it.
Dr. Sanjoy Mandal says that there are certain factors, which might increase the risks of small bowel cancer
- Inherited gene mutations: Some inherited gene mutations can increase the risk of developing small bowel cancer and other cancers. Lynch syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), and Peutz-Jeghers syndrome are examples.
- Weakened immune system: You could have a higher chance of small bowel cancer if the body’s germ-fighting immune system is compromised. People with HIV infection and those who take anti-rejection medication after an organ transplant are two examples.
- Other bowel diseases: Inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, and Crohn’s disease are all bowel diseases that affect the intestines, raising the risk of small bowel cancer.
Small Bowel Cancer Treatment in Kolkata
Treatment for small bowel cancer is determined by the type and stage of the cancer.
Where necessary, the best surgical oncologist in Kolkata tries to remove all of the small bowel cancer. If a small portion of the small intestine is affected by cancer, the onco surgeon can remove only that portion and rejoin the intestine’s cut ends. The entire small intestine will need to be removed in some cases. The surgeon may perform a bypass to relieve a blockage in the small intestine if a small bowel cancer cannot be removed.
Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses strong drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy involves the use of a mixture of drugs to destroy fast-growing cells, such as cancer cells. It’s usually injected into a vein in your arm, but it can also be taken as a tablet.
If there’s a chance the cancer will come back after treatment for small bowel cancer, chemotherapy might be prescribed by the oncologist in Kolkata. Chemotherapy can help alleviate the signs and symptoms of advanced cancer.