Appendicitis is a common condition that occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed, causing severe abdominal pain. When regular measures fail to address the symptoms, surgical intervention becomes necessary. According to one of the top gastro surgeons in Kolkata, the two primary surgical approaches are Laparoscopic and Open appendectomy. In this blog, we will delve into the key differences between the two major surgeries for appendicitis and understand the benefits of each approach.

Open appendectomy: The traditional approach

Open appendectomy has been the standard procedure for decades. In this method, a single incision, typically around two to four inches, is made in the lower right abdomen. Through this opening, the surgeon gains direct access to the appendix, allowing for its removal. The open approach provides a clear view, thus allowing the surgeon to address any complications that may arise during the procedure.

The advantage of open appendectomy is that it allows surgeons to adapt their techniques based on the patient’s anatomy and the severity of the inflammation. Additionally, open surgery might be preferred for patients with a history of abdominal surgeries, as scar tissue from previous operations can complicate the laparoscopic approach.

Laparoscopic appendectomy: A newer medical approach

Laparoscopic appendectomy revolutionised how appendicitis surgery was performed. Instead of a larger incision, several small incisions of 0.5 to 1 cm are made. A thin tube with a camera is inserted, thus providing a magnified view of the appendix.

One of the prime advantages of laparoscopic appendectomy is its minimally invasive nature. The smaller incisions result in less pain, a shorter hospital stay, and a quicker recovery time. Patients will also experience less scarring and a reduced risk of complications like infections and hernias.

Choosing the right approach

According to the top gastrointestinal surgeon in Kolkata, the choice between laparoscopic and open appendectomy depends on various factors. This includes the medical history of the patient and the severity of appendicitis. While it is true that laparoscopic appendectomy is the preferred choice, open surgery might be the viable option in specific cases.

In uncomplicated cases where the appendicitis is abscessed or perforated, laparoscopic appendectomy is often the first choice. In contrast, open appendectomy may be necessary for more complex cases, such as a ruptured appendix or if the patient has had prior abdominal surgeries.Understanding the differences between the two types of surgery empowers individuals to make informed decisions. Reach out to the top gastro surgeon in Kolkata to understand which surgery might best suit you.