Gastrointestinal problems that can be treated with laparoscopy

According to the best laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata, certain gastrointestinal conditions require laparoscopic surgery for their effective treatment. Let’s check out what they have to say about this procedure and the gastrointestinal problems that can be treated with it.

Laparoscopy or keyhole surgery refers to a revolutionized field of surgery that’s minimally invasive and an alternative to traditional open surgical procedures. This surgery involves making small incisions in the abdomen through which a tiny camera (laparoscope) and specialized surgical instruments are inserted. It allows surgeons to visualize the internal organs on a monitor, enabling precise treatment and causing minimal trauma to surrounding tissues. Laparoscopy is commonly used in the treatment of gastroenterological conditions and offers numerous benefits, like reduced postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery times and minimal scars.

What is laparoscopic surgery/ laparoscopy?

Here is a brief overview of gastrointestinal problems that can be treated with laparoscopy:

  1. Gallbladder stones: Nowadays, gallstones can also be removed through laparoscopy. Surgeons visualize and remove the stones and gallbladder with precision, reducing pain and enabling quicker recovery.
  1. Appendicitis: Surgeons perform appendectomy for appendicitis. This procedure is of two main subtypes: open traditional appendectomy and laparoscopic appendectomy. In the latter, instead of a large incision, tiny ones are made and the inflamed appendix is removed. 
  1. GERD: GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is a chronic condition that causes acid reflux and can be treated through laparoscopic fundoplication, a procedure which prevents stomach acid from reaching the esophagus. 
  1. Hernias: Hernias occur when an organ protrudes through a weak muscle or tissue. They are often treated using laparoscopic techniques, which results in a faster return to normal activities.
  1. Colorectal or colon cancer: Laparoscopy treats colon cancer by allowing surgeons to perform procedures such as colectomy or rectal resection to remove cancerous tissue. This minimizes the overall trauma to the body as compared to traditional open surgery.

These are some of the most common conditions that can be treated with laparoscopy. But there are numerous other conditions that can also be treated with this procedure. 

Risks of Laparoscopy during pregnancy

Women who are pregnant may suffer from gastrointestinal problems such as GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) or gallstones. Laparoscopic surgery can be performed safely during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. It is crucial to note that the surgery is safest only during the second trimester and ideally it should be avoided during the third trimester of pregnancy. 


Laparoscopy is an advanced treatment method that includes smaller incisions, reduced pain, shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery times. The best laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata suggests that the suitability of laparoscopy depends on each individual’s medical history, severity of the disease and patient’s overall health.