A hernia is a condition in which body organs or tissue protrude through a weak area in the abdominal wall. Hernias are caused by weaker abdominal muscles combined with excessive strain on organs or tissue. Although hernias are not fatal, they can cause serious consequences. A hernia can feel like a little bulge in the groin or abdomen, which a patient can feel while lying down. Many hernias, on the other hand, go unnoticed until a patient undergoes a physical examination, says a laparoscopic hernia surgeon in Kolkata.
Laparoscopic Hernia Repair Surgery
A laparoscope, which is a small microscope attached with a small camera, is used in this type of hernia surgery to locate the abdominal wall rupture. Doctors make a small incision in the abdomen and insert a laparoscope through it, then use surgical mesh to close the hole.
Advantages of Hernia Surgery
Laparoscopic hernia surgery, as per the best laparoscopic surgeon in Kolkata, has a number of advantages:
Level 1A Evidence
- Wound infection and hematoma development are less likely.
- Pain and discomfort are reduced. Both immediate and delayed postoperative pain are minimised.
- A shorter stay in the hospital.
- Resumption of normal daily activities and job as soon as possible.
Level 1B Evidence
- Recurrence rate is the same as with Lichtenstein’s repair.
- When QALY (quality-adjusted life-year) is taken into account, it is cost-effective.
Level 4 Evidence
- The issue of repair at the ‘point of origin’ rather than the ‘point of presentation’ is addressed in deep inguinal hernia repair or surgery. This provides a mechanical benefit over the use of an onlay or anterior mesh.
- The thorough repair, which covers the entire myopectineal orifice of Fruchaud, addresses all potential herniation sites in the groin.
- Other co-existing disorders, such as cholelithiasis, can be treated together.
- In contrast to the open approach, larger mesh may be inserted more comfortably.
Because the wound is small and the mesh is deep inside, there is little likelihood of infection (mesh and wound), says the laparoscopic hernia surgery specialist.